What is the poliomyelitis vaccine? Ask questions about vaccinations and disease

Also referred to as polio, the Polio Wild poliovirus is a extremely contagious disease.

In one in 200 infections, the The virus destroys elements of the nervous system and causes everlasting paralysis in the legs or arms. Although uncommon, the virus can assault the elements of the mind that assist it breathe, inflicting dying.

there is Polio vaccine. But sadly, in Brazil, protection is removed from the World Health Organization (WHO) beneficial purpose of 95% to manage a disease that may trigger irreversible paralysis (often of the legs). This situation, by the approach, impacts one in 200 infections. 5% to 10% of those that grow to be in poor health die from paralysis of the respiratory muscle groups.

How previous is the polio vaccine?

can obtain Polio vaccine Children aged 1 to 4 years. To purchase immunity towards PoliovirusThey should obtain a number of doses of the vaccine.

The marketing campaign towards poliomyelitis goals to vaccinate a minimum of 95% of kids between 1 12 months and underneath 5 years. Wellington Lima/JC Image

Poliomyelitis vaccine

Two varieties of polio vaccine Used in the US area: oral attenuated vaccine (OPV) and inactivated injectable vaccine (IPV).

The OPV vaccine There are three varieties of poliovirus. After the declaration of eradication of untamed poliovirus kind 2 in 2016, serotype 2 was withdrawn.

An OPV vaccine containing solely serotypes 1 and 3, referred to as BOPV, was continued. Countries are step by step changing the BOPV vaccine with the IPV vaccine.

How many individuals has polio killed?

Two to 10 out of each 100 Children with paralytic polioThey die of paralysis affecting the muscle groups that assist them breathe.

As lengthy as there is one contaminated little one, the relaxation, in all international locations, are prone to contracting polio.

O Re-emergence of polioIn the present scenario of low vaccination protection, there is a specter that haunts Brazil.

Factors that trigger poliomyelitis

The Polio It is a extremely contagious disease brought on by a virus that assaults the nervous system and could cause full paralysis inside hours.

MIVA SON/SES
“In the historical past of poliomyelitis, many kids have been concerned in the Seventies and Nineteen Eighties. After the widespread use of vaccination, we lowered it and now we have not had one other case in Brazil for greater than 30 years”, highlights the superintendent. State Vaccination, Ana Caterina de Mello – MIVA SON/SES

Infectious poliomyelitis

There is a virus Transmitted from individual to individual Multiplies by the faecal-oral route or, much less incessantly, by the widespread route (eg water or contaminated meals) and in the gut.

How does polio present itself? What are the signs?

It is necessary to be skeptical Polio In unvaccinated or partially unvaccinated kids signs flu-like signs (fever, muscle aches, headache, lack of urge for food) and who’re getting higher and feeling higher, however It took two to 5 daysHeadache, fever, extreme muscle aches, involuntary muscle actions, and tingling in the legs or arms.

Another element is that one to 2 days later Loss of energy in legs or arms and problem strolling. Loss of energy results in fast paralysis, which is usually uneven in the affected limbs.

ICAMAHA / Recife Health Secretariat

Polio vaccine protection in Recife is 34.18% and 95% as beneficial by the Ministry of Health – Photo: ICAMAH/Recife Health Secretariat
Wellington Lima/JC Image

The marketing campaign towards poliomyelitis goals to vaccinate a minimum of 95% of kids between 1 12 months and underneath 5 years. Photo: Wellington Lima/JC Image
MIVA SON/SES

“In the historical past of poliomyelitis, many kids have been concerned in the Seventies and Nineteen Eighties. After the widespread use of vaccination, we lowered it and now we have not had one other case in Brazil for greater than 30 years”, highlights the superintendent. State Vaccination, Ana Caterina de Mello – Photo: Miwa Filho/Sess

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