The Oak Hill Country Club in northwestern New York, the location of the PGA Championship that begins on Thursday, has hosted a dozen main or nationwide championships, together with United States Opens, earlier PGA Championships, and a Ryder Cup.
It’s a traditional course that was designed by Donald Ross, a revered Golden Age architect, and not too long ago restored by Andrew Green, a high architect whose work has revived different championship venues, together with Congressional Country Club, the location of final yr’s KPMG Women’s PGA Championship.
On paper, Oak Hill appears nice. But it is dogged by a considerably tutorial query in golf: Why hasn’t it produced higher champions in recent times? The gamers who’ve gained on the course aren’t a who’s who of hall-of-fame gamers.
Shaun Michel gained the PGA Championship there in 2003, for his solely PGA Tour victory. Jason Dufner, who set the course document in successful the PGA there in 2013, has gained 5 PGA Tour occasions, however has a repute for being extremely relaxed throughout play. The time period “Dufnering” was coined to explain his demeanor, throughout each tournaments and the low season.
The course, in Pittsford, NY, close to Rochester, has additionally hosted two Senior PGA Championships, gained in 2008 by the journeyman professional Jay Haas and in 2019 by Ken Tanigawa, a former beginner who certified for the Champions Tour the yr earlier than after turning 50. .
So what provides?
The United States hosts three of golf’s main championships, with two of them rotating from course to course yearly. (The Masters Tournament is all the time held at Augusta National Golf Club.) By comparability, solely the British Open, the fourth main, rotates round Britain.
But the United States Golf Association has laid declare to a collection of traditional, stout assessments of golf to host the US Open. In doing so, it has created a de facto rota of programs, together with Winged Foot Golf Club in New York, Oakmont Country Club in Pennsylvania, Pinehurst No. 2 in North Carolina and Pebble Beach Golf Links in California, together with a mixture of different prewar programs, together with the Country Club in Massachusetts and Merion Golf Club in Pennsylvania. The governing physique has embraced a schedule the place some venues are locked many years upfront, beneath the guise that the place you win your US Open championship issues to gamers as a lot because the win itself does.
“The USGA has mentioned you need to be 100-plus years previous to host a US Open, and they are going to the best golf programs on this planet, and it is a brief rota,” mentioned Ran Morrissett, a founding father of Golf Club. Atlas, which analyzes course structure. “Who’s to argue the governing physique is making a mistake going to the best programs on this planet?”
But the USGA laying declare to nice programs many years upfront — Merion, as an illustration, is already set to host the 2030 and the 2050 US Opens — has created a division of types: A membership is both a venue the place the USGA hosts the US Open , or it is a PGA of America website, enjoying host to such occasions as the boys’s and girls’s PGA Championships, and, typically, the Ryder Cup competitors.
Has the PGA been left with weaker venues? Some golf historians say that it has, whereas others argue that the image is extra difficult than that, provided that older programs are being revamped, and difficult new programs are being constructed on a regular basis.
“It’s nearly not possible for the PGA Championship to compete,” mentioned Connor T. Lewis, chief government of the Society of Golf Historians. “Oakmont is a USGA anchor website now. They’ve had the US Open 9 occasions.”
While Oakmont had hosted the PGA Championship 3 times, he added, now that the course has grow to be a USGA anchor, internet hosting the PGA Championship is “off the desk.”
Still, he is optimistic that the adjustments made to this yr’s PGA Championship venue are going to current golfers with totally different challenges from the final time, when the PGA was performed at a really totally different Oak Hill. “This yr we’ll see Oak Hill at its best possible,” he mentioned. “It’s going to be far more a Donald Ross course.”
Like many nice championship venues, Oak Hill added non-original options within the Sixties and Nineteen Seventies beneath the assumption that extra bushes equated to a harder course. It labored for some time, however as these bushes grew, they narrowed the fairways and restricted the shotmaking choices.
Other programs additionally adopted this path, together with Baltusrol Golf Club in New Jersey, which can host the PGA Championship in 2029. After Phil Mickelson, who has now gained a complete of six majors, gained the PGA there in 2005, Jimmy Walker gained the 2016 PGA there, his solely main. The course has since been restored by Gil Hanse to open it up and produce again the unique AW Tillinghast design.
Like different traditional programs which have not too long ago hosted main championships, Oak Hill underwent an in depth restoration that didn’t do many fashionable adjustments. The restoration of the course by Green, who eliminated bushes and opened up the course, may broaden the variety of doable champions this yr.
Morrissett, the Golf Club Atlas founder, mentioned the adjustments may make a distinction within the high quality of the champion this time. “Given that Oak Hill is extra of a traditional Donald Ross course now, it may produce a Ben Hogan-like winner,” he mentioned, referring to among the best gamers of the Fifties. “I like the truth that a considerate participant may win.”
Kerry Haigh, the chief championships officer on the PGA of America — whose job it’s to arrange the programs for a significant like this — concedes that current PGA champions at Oak Hill benefited from the course circumstances then.
Before its restoration, there was “actually a premium on driving accuracy, because the fairways are pretty slim and the tough is often fairly powerful,” he mentioned. “With the bushes enjoying an necessary a part of the problem, the previous two winners weren’t significantly lengthy hitters, however had been in a position to management their recreation and maintain their ball in play.”
Haigh mentioned that the course setup is what issues most. The PGA has put its stamp on powerful, however truthful, setups that permit for some thrilling fees on Sunday. (This stands in distinction to the USGA It units up every course to be a stern — some gamers contend, brutal — take a look at of golf. When Bryson DeChambeau gained the US Open in 2020 at Winged Foot, one of many anchor websites, he was the (solely participant to interrupt par for the 4 days.)
Some historians argue that even going to those traditional programs is a mistake for the PGA Morrissett mentioned with the USGA’s lock on older programs, the PGA ought to look to nice programs constructed after 1960, to showcase the number of golf in America. He factors to the 2021 PGA Championship on the Ocean Course on Kiawah Island in South Carolina, a Pete and Alice Dye design that opened in 1991, as one of many extra thrilling and watchable Sunday finishes in current main historical past, when Mickelson held off Brooks Koepka. and Louis Oosthuizen on the 2021 PGA Championship to grow to be the oldest main champion.
“I liked the end,” Morrissett mentioned. “A par 5 you may eagle or double bogey? That’s thrilling.”
He ticked off fashionable programs like Erin Hills in Wisconsin, Chambers Bay in Washington State, and the newly opened PGA Frisco course in Texas, which is ready to be a hub for the PGA “I believe there is a good symmetry to watching these guys play programs. that had been designed for at this time’s tools,” he mentioned.
Haigh, the chief championships officer, mentioned that together with these newer programs had been a part of the PGA’s plan. “That’s been our philosophy to combine traditional programs with extra fashionable programs,” he mentioned, ticking off Bellerive in Missouri and Valhalla in Kentucky, along with Kiawah. “It’s been our philosophy for the 30 years I’ve been right here, and I anticipate it should proceed.”
Still, his focus is on this week, and he is optimistic that Oak Hill will produce a deserving champion. “It appears there could also be extra choices for gamers who do miss the fairways, however they’re nonetheless the identical width as in earlier years,” he mentioned. “We shall see.”